By John P. Gerber
Booklet through Gerber, John P.
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Extra info for Anton Pannekoek and the Socialism of Workers’ Self Emancipation, 1873-1960
The other, upon the domain of society. '54 What this meant was that Marxism and Darwinism were completely independent of each other and should re main in their own domains. To carry a theory from one domain to another where different laws are applicable would necessarily entail wrong con clusions. This did not mean that they were opposed to each other, but that they supplement each other in the sense that according to the Darwinian theory of evolution the ani mal world develops up to the stage of man : and from then on the Marxian theory of evolution applies.
As an intellectual process, Dietzgen's system represented the 'scientific con tinuation of former philosophies, just as astronomy is the continuation of astrology and of the Pythagorean fantasies, and chemistry the continuation of alchemy '. 23 Dietzgen, therefore, 'completed the work of Kant, j us t as Marx completed the work of Adam S mith' . 24 Dietzgen's philosophy, more over, was neither 'his' philosophy nor a new system of philosophy, but merely one of the more systematic intellectual components of the historical mode of abstraction of a rising working class.
The key element in the formation of conceptual thought, Dietzgen insist ed, was the process by which the mind abstracts the particular qualities from the general qualities in various objects of thought and attempts to classify them into different systems. According to Dietzgen, the senses perceive an endless stream of phenom ena and the role of the mind, as the organ of human understanding, is to make sense of this data by distinguishing and naming parts of it. What actually occurs in this division and classification process is the construction of units of a particular type on the basis of similar characteristics which are then labelled with a name.
Anton Pannekoek and the Socialism of Workers’ Self Emancipation, 1873-1960 by John P. Gerber