By Robert Dingwall
In fresh years the examine of nursing heritage in Britain has been reworked through the applying of options and techniques from the social sciences to unique resources. The myths and legends that have grown up via a century of anecdotal writing were chipped away to bare the advanced tale of an profession formed and reshaped by means of social and technological swap. lots of the paintings has been scattered in monographs, journals and edited collections.
The abilities of a social historian, a sociologist and a graduate nurse were introduced jointly to reconsider the heritage of contemporary nursing within the mild of the most recent scholarship. The account starts off by way of taking a look at the kind of nursing care to be had in 1800. This was once often supplied via the unwell person's relations or family servants. It lines the interdependent progress of normal nursing and the fashionable medical institution and examines the separate origins and eventual integration of psychological nursing, district nursing, future health traveling and midwifery. It concludes with reflections at the clients for nursing within the 12 months 2000.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the Social History of Nursing
This policy continued after the restoration of the monarchy and by 1822 the hospitals of Paris were caring for about 15,000 patients at any one time, some five times as many as were in all the voluntary hospitals of England and Wales (Waddington 1973:212). Such comparisons are not entirely straightforward because the Paris hospitals seem to have been admitting some patients who would have figured in Poor Law rather than voluntary hospital statistics. The essential point is that doctors now had access for the first time to very large numbers of poor people who lacked the power or resources to resist their all too often fatal role in the advance of medical knowledge.
Nevertheless, it represents a potentially disruptive and destabilizing force in social relationships, since the sick are unable to perform roles on which others may depend. As such it attracts the attention of control agencies. In modern societies, medicine and nursing are among the occupations which help to define what will be socially accepted as normal experiences of the human body and their permissible expressions in behaviour. They also offer the means for returning the deviant to normality or, at least, limiting the impact of their disorder on others.
But neither of these ideas was wholly revolutionary. As we saw in the previous chapter, the concept of the sisterhood was already established as a socially acceptable form of public service for women from good families. Florence Nightingale’s mistake, as far as her family were concerned, may have been to propose going on her own rather than as part of an organized group. The frequent references from around this date to her inspecting hospitals in Britain, Europe, and the Near East do not support the view that her family opposed her intellectual interest in institutional reform.
An Introduction to the Social History of Nursing by Robert Dingwall