By Vittorio Santaniello, Robert E Evenson, David Zilberman, Gerald A Carlson
This booklet has arisen from the convention entitled 'The form of the arriving agricultural biotechnology transformation: strategic funding and coverage ways from an fiscal point of view' convened by way of the foreign Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology study (ICABR), held in Rome, June 17-19, 1999. Papers are divided among 4 sections protecting: felony platforms (5 papers); monetary matters (5 papers); biotechnology innovations (2 papers); and case stories (2 papers)- North the US and Canada. to be had In Print
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Extra info for Agriculture and intellectual property rights: economic, institutional and implementation issues in biotechnology
Mutagenesis processes can be determined by using transposons that can randomly cause the inactivation of a single gene. 4 The other question that is frequently posed is: will the new Directive effectively and decisively stimulate the development of the biotechnology industry in the EU? The answer is that the Directive is most likely a necessary but not a sufficient condition. A more active industrial policy needs to be implemented to create the other complementary conditions. Among them are the availability of risk capital, an appropriate tax policy, a greater uniformity in the regulation of R&D among the different Member States, a greater transparency in the application of the European Directives and a simplification of the approval procedures for the GMO.
Imazio. US Plant Patent No. 10,832 for ‘Apple Tree Named “Cumberland Spur” ’ invented by Deutscher et al. US Patent No. 4,581,847 for ‘Tryptophan Over Producer Mutants of Cereal Crops’ invented by Hibberd et al. US Patent No. 5,872,304 for ‘Soybean Cultivator 94348595302’ invented by William K. Rhodes. US Patent No. 5,723,765 for ‘Control of Plant Gene Expression’ invented by Oliver et al. Uniform Trade Secrets Act, §§1–6 (1985). Utility Patents: 35 USC §§100, 101, 102, 103, 112, 154, 161, 162, 163, 271, 281, 283, 284, 285 (specific to asexually reproduced plants: §§161, 162, 163).
If a variety is used without the consent of the proprietor of the privative, those limitations apply also to the product obtained from it. In other words, for example, the grain or the seed produced from a pirated variety cannot be traded within the EU, nor imported in or exported from it. The Breeders’ Right extends also to the ‘essentially derived variety’. This is the case of protected genotypes used in the production of other varieties or of varieties obtained from other genotypes by a simple minor or cosmetic change.
Agriculture and intellectual property rights: economic, institutional and implementation issues in biotechnology by Vittorio Santaniello, Robert E Evenson, David Zilberman, Gerald A Carlson