A life in error: from little slips to big disasters by James Reason PDF

By James Reason

ISBN-10: 1306170087

ISBN-13: 9781306170086

ISBN-10: 1472418417

ISBN-13: 9781472418418

ISBN-10: 1472418425

ISBN-13: 9781472418425

ISBN-10: 1472418433

ISBN-13: 9781472418432

This succinct yet soaking up ebook covers the most means stations on James Reason’s 40-year trip in pursuit of the character and forms of human blunders. In it he provides an engrossing and extremely own standpoint, providing the reader unprecedented insights, knowledge and wit as simply James cause can. the adventure starts off with a weird and wonderful absent-minded motion slip dedicated through Professor cause within the early Nineteen Seventies - placing cat foodstuff into the teapot - and maintains as much as the current day, conveying his specific perceptions right into a number of significant injuries that experience formed his pondering dangerous acts and latent stipulations. A existence in mistakes charts the advance of his seminal and highly influential paintings from its unique concentration into person cognitive psychology during the broadening of scope to embody social, organizational and systemic concerns. The voyage acknowledged is either highly wonderful and academic, presenting a true feel of ways James Reason’s ground-breaking theories replaced the best way we predict approximately human mistakes, and why he's held in such esteem worldwide at any place people engage with technological platforms. This publication is key studying for college students, teachers and safeguard pros of all types who're drawn to averting breakdowns which can reason critical harm to humans, resources and the surroundings

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Additional info for A life in error: from little slips to big disasters

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But what are the underlying mechanisms? One tenable view is that people differ characteristically in the way they deploy their limited attentional resources in the face of competing demands. This appears to influence the selection of coping strategies to deal with the stress. Error-prone individuals seem to select more resource-intensive strategies and so are less able adjust them to the discretionary aspects of the situation than are less error-prone people. In conclusion, it is not so much that stress induces a high rate of cognitive failure (though that may indeed be so); rather it is that a certain style of cognitive resource management can lead to both absent-mindedness and to the inappropriate matching of coping strategies to stressful situations.

Farnham: Ashgate Publishing. 1 Rasmussen, J. (1983). Skills, rules, knowledge: signals, signs, and symbols, and other distinctions in human performance models. IEEE Transactions: Systems, Man and Cybernetics. SMC 13: 257舑67. 2 Ibid. Chapter 4 Absent-Minded Slips and Lapses Stepping into the bath with your socks on; struggling to open a friend舗s front door with your own latch key; squeezing shaving cream onto your toothbrush; saying 舖thank you舗 to a stamp machine; trying to drive away without switching on the ignition; going into the wrong gender toilet; pouring a second kettle onto freshly made tea 舰 the list goes on, but you will have already recognized the species.

Both tests were carried out in isolation, with each unaware of the other舗s responses, either then or later. Neither was forewarned of the testing, though both readily agreed to it. The procedure was modelled on Donald Broadbent舗s practice of using 舖close others舗 to check upon the validity of a person舗s ratings. Mr X舗s SIML score provided strong support for his wife舗s view that he was a very absent-minded man. His total score was in the 95th percentile for Samples A and B. Mrs X舗s score put him slightly higher than this.

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A life in error: from little slips to big disasters by James Reason

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