By Steve Kemper
A real tale that competitors the travels of Burton or Stanley for pleasure, and surpasses them in medical achievements.
In 1849 Heinrich Barth joined a small British day trip into unexplored areas of Islamic North and crucial Africa. one after the other his partners died, yet he carried on on my own, finally achieving the fabled urban of gold, Timbuktu. His five-and-a-half-year, 10,000-mile experience ranks one of the maximum trips within the annals of exploration, and his discoveries are thought of fundamental through sleek students of Africa.
Yet due to transferring politics, ecu preconceptions approximately Africa, and his personal thorny character, Barth has been nearly forgotten. most people hasn't ever heard of him, his epic trip, or his still-pertinent observations approximately Africa and Islam; and his enormous five-volume Travels and Discoveries in North and critical Africa is unusual even in libraries. by means of supplying the 1st biography on Barth in English, Steve Kemper is going some distance to rescue this interesting determine from obscurity.
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Extra info for A Labyrinth of Kingdoms: 10,000 Miles through Islamic Africa
In 1947, the United Nations (UN) decided to partition Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. After Israel declared its independence in 1948, Arab neighbors attacked the newly formed Jewish state and war broke out. The Arabs were defeated and millions of Palestinians became refugees. There were three subsequent wars between the Arabs and the Israelis: in 1956, 1967, and 1973. The Arabs lost each time. In spite of many attempts to reach a permanent peace since the first war, it has remained elusive and, to this day, 23 Islam, Muslims, and America Arabs and Israelis remain enemies in a war with new battlegrounds in the streets and towns of Palestine and Israel.
When his forces headed into Syria and Iraq, they faced powerful empires, including the Byzantine Empire. Abu Bakr appointed Umar as the second caliph. During his rule, Syria, Jerusalem, Iran (Persia), Iraq, and Egypt came under the Islamic empire. After Umar’s murder in 644, Uthman and Ali contested the caliphate. Uthman won, but he turned out to be a weak ruler who could not resist the influence of his relatives. A discontented group killed him in 656. During his rule, Islam reached Tunisia and extended further to the east.
In particular, scientific development in the Islamic world, from the 8th to the 11th century, became the basis of knowledge in the world. Global influence The influence of Islam and the Islamic civilization was felt in vast areas that covered Asia, Europe, and Africa. The spread of Islam accelerated a few years after Muhammadp’s death. It included people of every ethnic group it contacted, including Arabs, Persians, Turks, Egyptians, Europeans, Russians, Chinese, Mongols, and Indonesians. Every area that converted to Islam during that period contributed to the Islamic civilization.
A Labyrinth of Kingdoms: 10,000 Miles through Islamic Africa by Steve Kemper