By Gordon Martel
Precious compilation of essays overlaying the foremost occasions of the 20 th century. status out from this total awesome physique of labor are the contributions at the undertones and factors of WW I (Martel's specialty) and 3 chapters on often-overlooked advancements resulting in WW II.
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Additional info for A Companion to International History 1900–2001
The uprisings of 1953 in East Germany and 1956 in Hungary were suppressed with the help of the Red Army. In 1955, Khrushchev established diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia, but the latter continued to stay outside the pact. At the end of 1961 Albania, “Stalin’s most loyal ally,” chose to align itself with Communist China and formally withdrew from the Warsaw Pact in September 1968. 27 In 1957, the Polish foreign minister proposed to the UN the creation of nuclear-free zones in West and East Germany, Poland, and Czechoslovakia, assuming that a successful outcome of the plan would help to restrict Soviet military control over these socialist countries.
As quoted in John L. Harper, American Visions of Europe (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 113. 297 20 For the Molotov–Roosevelt conversations of May– June 1942 and Stalin’s strong endorsement of FDR’s thinking, see Rzheshevsky, War and Diplomacy, docs. 68, 77, 82, 83; and FRUS, 1942, vol. 3, pp. 573–4. Citations to the other quotes can be found in Kimball, Forged in War, p. 11. For additional references to the “policemen” idea, see Warren F. Kimball, “The Sheriffs: FDR’s Postwar World,” in press from the “In the Shadow of FDR” conference, Roosevelt Institute, Hyde Park, NY (September 22–5, 2005).
The Soviets accepted the provision, assuming that “no one could seriously expect them to honour” it,40 but Czech intellectuals tried to persuade the government to defend the human rights of individuals. 41 The Helsinki accords can be seen as part of the “rollback” strategy, utilizing “soft power” in order to reach out to the minds of the peoples behind the Iron Curtain. By contrast, and in all fairness to the regularities of the bipolar world managed by the superpowers, the 1970s détente took place against a background whereby their power base had begun to erode.
A Companion to International History 1900–2001 by Gordon Martel